Immunotherapy harnesses the power of the immune system and trains it to recognize cancer cells and eliminates them- forever! It is a hope in the fight against cancer.
Treatments like chemotherapy attack the cancer, while immunotherapy trains the body to help find and attack the cancer.
Immunotherapy treatments can be used in many different types of cancer in children and adults. It may be used by itself or in conjunction with other therapies.
Immunotherapy shows promise as a cancer treatment, but more work is needed to learn: which cancer patients would benefit the most, how we can keep the immune system from overreacting and how some cancers are learning to hide from the immune system.
T Cell Attacks Cancer Cell
This can be done in a couple ways:
Stimulating, or boosting, the natural defenses of your immune system so it works harder or smarter to find and attack cancer cells.
Making substances in a lab that are just like immune system components and using them to help restore or improve how your immune system works to find and attack cancer cells.
Cancer Cell Destroyed
In the last few decades, immunotherapy has become an important part of treating some types of cancer.
Immunotherapy treatments are being tested and approved, and new ways of working with the immune system are being discovered at a very fast pace.
The immune system has a tougher time targeting cancer cells, though. This is because cancer starts when normal, healthy cells become changed or altered and start to grow out of control. Because cancer cells actually start in normal cells, the immune system does not always recognize them as foreign.
To overcome this, researchers have found ways to help the immune system recognize cancer cells and strengthen its response so that it will destroy them.